Dust metal loadings and the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Todd P. Whitehead, Mary H. Ward, Joanne S. Colt, Gary Dahl, Jonathan M Ducore, Kyndaron Reinier, Robert B. Gunier, S. Katharine Hammond, Stephen M. Rappaport, Catherine Metayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We evaluated the relationship between the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and the levels of metals in carpet dust. A dust sample was collected from the homes of 142 ALL cases and 187 controls participating in the California Childhood Leukemia Study using a high volume small surface sampler (2001-2006). Samples were analyzed using microwave-assisted acid digestion in combination with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for arsenic, cadmium, chromium, copper, lead, nickel, tin, tungsten, and zinc. Eight metals were detected in at least 85% of the case and control homes; tungsten was detected in

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)593-598
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015


  • childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
  • dust
  • environmental exposure
  • lead
  • metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Toxicology
  • Epidemiology


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