Duration of mouse hepatitis virus infection: Studies in immunocompetent and chemically immunosuppressed mice

Stephen W Barthold, A. L. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The duration of mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) infection was examined in mice inoculated intranasally with selected strains of MHV. Following inoculation with virulent MHV-JHM, genetically susceptible BALB/c mice and resistant CD1 mice had detectable virus in the brain at 1 month, but not later intervals up to 12 months. BALB/c mice infected with avirulent MHV-S or MHV-1 had no detectable virus in brains at 1 month or thereafter. Immunosuppression of BALB/c mice with treatment regimens of hydrocortisone acetate or cyclophosphamide at 1 and 2 months after infection with MHV-JHM did not activate detectable virus in liver or increase the prevalence or degree of brain infection. Immunosuppression with these drugs during the acute phase of MHV-JHM infection influenced MHV infection, based on virus quantification in livers, but timing of drug treatment relative to MHV infection was critical. Mice infected with MHV developed IgG serum antibody titers that persisted without decline for up to 1 year after infection. Antibody titers varied with mouse genotype and infecting virus. These studies, using intranasal inoculation, support the conclusions of others, using other routes of inoculation, that MHV infection is not persistent in adult, immunocompetent mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalLaboratory Animal Science
Volume40
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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