We examined the duration and strain-specificity of immunity to enterotropic mouse hepatitis virus (MHV). Two strains of enterotropic MHV (MHV-Y and MHV-RI) were determined to be distinct virus strain by serum neutralization and by enzyme immunoassay. BALB/cByJ mice immunized by oral infection with either MHV-Y or MHV-RI developed serum MHV IgG titers that remained stable for more than 6 months. The animals were protected from reinfection with the homologous virus strain at 1 and 6 months after an initial immunizing infection, based on intestinal histology and polymerase chain reaction for a 375-base-pair segment of the membrane glycoprotein gene. Immunity was also fully protective against challenge with the heterologous strain 1 month after initial immunization and partly protective after 6 months. Maternally-derived passive immunity prevented MHV infection in 1-week-old pups challenged with the homologous strain of MHV, and pups challenged with the heterologous virus strain were partially protected.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Laboratory Animal Science|
|State||Published - 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology