Duplication of distal 20q: Clinical, cytogenetic and array CGH Characterization of a new case

Alejandro Iglesias, Katherine A Rauen, Donna G. Albertson, Daniel Pinkel, Philip D. Cotter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 20 is rare. We describe an 18-month-old male who was born at 36 weeks via Caesarian section after an uneventful pregnancy. During the newborn period he was found to have a right-sided cleft lip and cleft palate, hypertelorism, strabismus and mildly over-folded ears with cupping. Cardiovascular examination was consistent with the diagnosis of severe aortic coarctation, which was confirmed by echocardiogram. Additionally, hypothyroidism was diagnosed. Neurological evaluation at 18 months revealed a hypotonic infant with delayed acquisition of motor milestones. Cytogenetic analysis showed additional material on the long arm of chromosome 20, confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis as being of chromosome 20 origin. Because of the indistinct GTG-banding pattern it was not possible to distinguish between a proximal [dup(20)(q11.2q13.1)] or distal duplication [dup(20)(q13.1q13.3)]. To further define the duplication we used array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) which demonstrated a 7.8 Mb interstitial duplication in distal 20q. Thus, the proband's karyotype was interpreted as 46,XY,dup(20)(q13.2q13.2). The proband is the first reported case of a pure duplication of this region. This case further highlights the utility of array CGH in characterizing aneusomies and, in particular, for accurate breakpoint designation and quantitation of ambiguous rearrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Dysmorphology
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Array CGH
  • Chromosome 20
  • Duplication
  • Genotype-phenotype correlation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Anatomy

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