Drivers of bacterial β-diversity depend on spatial scale

Jennifer B H Martiny, Jonathan A Eisen, Kevin Penn, Steven D. Allison, M. Claire Horner-Devine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

310 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The factors driving β-diversity (variation in community composition) yield insights into the maintenance of biodiversity on the planet. Here we tested whether the mechanisms that underlie bacterial β-diversity vary over centimeters to continental spatial scales by comparing the composition of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria communities in salt marsh sediments. As observed in studies of macroorganisms, the drivers of salt marsh bacterial β-diversity depend on spatial scale. In contrast to macroorganism studies, however, we found no evidence of evolutionary diversification of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria taxa at the continental scale, despite an overall relationship between geographic distance and community similarity. Our data are consistent with the idea that dispersal limitation at local scales can contribute to β-diversity, even though the 16S rRNA genes of the relatively common taxa are globally distributed. These results highlight the importance of considering multiple spatial scales for understanding microbial biogeography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7850-7854
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume108
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2011

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Wetlands
Ammonia
Salts
Planets
Bacteria
Biodiversity
rRNA Genes
Maintenance

Keywords

  • Distance-decay
  • Ecological drift
  • Microbial composition
  • Nitrosomonadales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Drivers of bacterial β-diversity depend on spatial scale. / Martiny, Jennifer B H; Eisen, Jonathan A; Penn, Kevin; Allison, Steven D.; Horner-Devine, M. Claire.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 108, No. 19, 10.05.2011, p. 7850-7854.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martiny, Jennifer B H ; Eisen, Jonathan A ; Penn, Kevin ; Allison, Steven D. ; Horner-Devine, M. Claire. / Drivers of bacterial β-diversity depend on spatial scale. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2011 ; Vol. 108, No. 19. pp. 7850-7854.
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