Down-regulation of microRNA 106b is involved in p21-mediated cell cycle arrest in response to radiation in prostate cancer cells

Baoqing Li, Xu Bao Shi, Dattatreyudu Nori, Clifford K S Chao, Allen M. Chen, Richard K Valicenti, Ralph W deVere White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND microRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous short non-coding RNAs, and play a pivotal role in regulating of a variety of cellular processes, including proliferation and apoptosis, both of which are cellular responses to radiation treatment. The purpose of this study is to identify candidate miRNAs whose levels are altered in response to radiation in prostate cancer cells and to investigate the molecular pathway of such miRNAs in the regulation of radiation-induced cellular response. METHODS Using a miRNA microarray assay, we screened 132 cancerous miRNAs in LNCaP cells in response to radiation treatment. The function of one candidate miRNA was investigated for checkpoint protein expression, cell cycle arrest, cell proliferation, and cell survival in cells transfected with precursor or antisense miRNA. RESULTS In response to radiation, multiple miRNAs, including mi-106b, showed altered expression. Cells transfected with precursor miR-106b were able to suppress radiation-induced p21 activation. Functionally, exogenous addition of precursor miR-106b overrode the G2/M arrest in response to radiation and resulted in a transient diminishment of radiation-induced growth inhibition. CONCLUSION We have shown a novel role of miR-106b, in the setting of radiation treatment, in regulating the p21-activated cell cycle arrest. Our finding that miR-106b is able to override radiation-induced cell cycle arrest and cell growth inhibition points to a potential therapeutic target in certain prostate cancer cells whose radiation resistance is likely due to consistently elevated level of miR-106b. 2011.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-574
Number of pages8
JournalProstate
Volume71
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • cell cycle arrest
  • microRNA
  • prostate cancer
  • radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Oncology

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