Purpose: To evaluate dosimetric properties of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) for simulated treatment planning in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) targeting left atrial-pulmonary vein junction (LA-PVJ), in comparison with volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and helical tomotherapy (TOMO). Methods: Ten thoracic 4D-CT scans with respiratory motion and one with cardiac motion were used for the study. Ten respiratory 4D-CTs were planned with VMAT, TOMO, and IMPT for simulated AF. Targets at the LA-PVJ were defined as wide-area circumferential ablation line. A single fraction of 25 Gy was prescribed to all plans. The interplay effects from cardiac motion were evaluated based on the cardiac 4D-CT scan. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) of the ITV and normal tissues were compared. Statistical analysis was evaluated via one-way Repeated-Measures ANOVA and Friedman’s test with Bonferroni’s multiple comparisons test. Results: The median volume of ITV was 8.72cc. All plans had adequate target coverage (V23.75Gy ≥ 99%). Compared with VMAT and TOMO, IMPT resulted in significantly lower dose of most normal tissues. For VMAT, TOMO, and IMPT plans, Dmean of the whole heart was 5.52 ± 0.90 Gy, 5.89 ± 0.78 Gy, and 3.01 ± 0.57 Gy (P < 0.001), mean dose of pericardium was 4.74 ± 0.76 Gy, 4.98 ± 0.62 Gy, and 2.59 ± 0.44 Gy (P < 0.001), and D0.03cc of left circumflex artery (LCX) was 13.96 ± 5.45 Gy, 14.34 ± 5.91 Gy, and 8.43 ± 7.24 Gy (P < 0.001), respectively. However, no significant advantage for one technique over the others was observed when examining the D0.03cc of esophagus and main bronchi. Conclusions: IMPT targeting LA-PVJ for patients with AF has high potential to reduce dose to surrounding tissues compared to VMAT or TOMO. Motion mitigation techniques are critical for a particle-therapy approach.
- atrial fibrillation
- helical tomotherapy
- intensity-modulated proton therapy
- stereotactic ablative radiotherapy
- volumetric-modulated arc therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging