Dose-related effects of enzyme-generated oxidants on the biochemistry and morphology of the hamster lung

James M. Nakashima, Dallas M. Hyde, Shri N. Giri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been closely associated with a number of pathological disorders, including interstitial pulmonary fibrosis. While models of ROS-induced fibrois offer advantages over chemically-induced fibrosis, the biochemical and morphological features of ROS-induced fibrosis have yet to be extensively documented. In this study, we evaluated the effect of initial ROS dose on lung injury and repair. Male hamsters received a single dose of glucose, glucose oxidase and lactoperoxidase via the intratracheal route. From 3 to 14 days post-treatment, a significant dose-related body weight loss was observed. There was a trend towards greater mortality with increasing dose. After 2 weeks, we noted significant, dose-related increases in lung levels of collagen, lipid peroxidation products, nucleic acids, and protein. Similarly, total lung catalase, lactic dehydrogenase and glutathione reductase activities were also elevated significantly above control values in a dose-related fashion. A concurrent, dose-dependent thickening of alveolar septa in ROS-treated lungs was composed of epithelial hyperplasia, hyperemia, edema and accumulations of interstitial fibers and macrophages. Interstitial and alveolar macrophages in ROS-induced lesions were enlarged and contained numerous primary and secondary lysosomes. These results demonstrate that, in the hamster lung, injury induced by enzyme-generated ROS can initiate dose-dependent fibroproliferative changes which eventuate into interstitial fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)249-266
Number of pages18
JournalToxicology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 1989

Keywords

  • Glucose oxidase
  • Interstitial pulmonary fibrosis
  • Lactoperoxidase
  • Oxidants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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