Does wound eversion improve cosmetic outcome? Results of a randomized, split-scar, comparative trial

Stefani Kappel, Rebecca Kleinerman, Thomas H. King, Raja K Sivamani, Sandra Taylor, Uyenthao Nguyen, Daniel B Eisen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Wound edge eversion has been hypothesized to improve aesthetic outcomes after cutaneous wound closure. Data supporting this assertion are sparse. Objective We sought to determine if wound eversion, achieved with interrupted subcuticular sutures, improves aesthetic outcome compared with planar closures. Methods We undertook a prospective, randomized, split-scar intervention in patients who underwent cutaneous surgery. Half of the wound was randomized to an everted or planar repair; the other side received the opposite one. At 3- and 6-month follow-up, both the patient and 2 blinded observers evaluated the wound using the Patient Observer Self-Assessment Scale (POSAS). Results The total observer POSAS score for the everted (13.59, 12.26) and planar (12.91, 12.98) sides did not differ significantly at 3 or 6 months, respectively. Similarly, there was not a significant difference in patient assessment between the everted (16.23, 12.84) and planar (15.07, 12.79) sides at 3 or 6 months, respectively. Finally, there was no significant difference between the 2 closure methods in terms of scar height or width at follow-up. Limitations This was a single-center trial, which used a validated but still subjective scar assessment instrument. Conclusion Wound eversion was not significantly associated with improved overall scar assessments by blinded observers or patient assessment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)668-673
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume72
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • cosmesis
  • eversion
  • inverted vertical mattress suture
  • Patient Observer Self-Assessment Scale
  • set-back suture
  • surgical scars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Medicine(all)

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