Purpose: Paclitaxel synergized radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies, enhancing therapeutic effect in studies in mice with human xenografts. Paclitaxel was also observed to increase tumor uptake in imaging studies of 111In-DOTA-Gly3Phe-m170 in patients with breast and prostate cancers. Further evaluations of tissue-cumulated activities, therapeutic indices, and pharmacokinetics were done using data for patients with breast and prostate cancer and for mice with human breast cancer xenografts. Experimental Design: In radioimmunotherapy trials, 12 patients with breast or prostate cancer were given two imaging doses (5 mCi each) of 111In-DOTA-GlysPhe-m170 1 week apart. Five of these patients were given a single dose of paclitaxel i.v. (75 mg/m2) 2 days after the second dose of 111In. In a subsequent study, athymic mice with human breast cancer xenografts were given 111In-DOTA-Gly 3Phe-ChL6 alone, or in combination with daily paclitaxel i.p. (300 μg) one or more times. Pharmacokinetics were studied for at least 6 days in patients and 5 days in mice. Cumulated activities were determined for tumors and normal tissues. Results: Tumor-cumulated activity for every patient in the paclitaxel-treated group increased for the second dose of 111In-DOTA- Gly3Phe-m170. The median ratio of cumulated activities in tumors for imaging dose 2 to those for dose 1 was 1.0 (0.8-1.3) in patients that were not given paclitaxel and 1.3 (1.2-1.4) in patients given paclitaxel. Normal tissue-cumulated activities were not different for the two doses. Mice given paclitaxel 1 day after 111In-DOTA-Gly3Phe-ChL6 also showed an increase in tumor-cumulated activity, 22.9 (± 1.3) versus 19.4 (± 3.3) μCi h/g/μCi (P = 0.05). Cumulated activities of normal tissues were similar for all groups of mice. Conclusions: Paclitaxel given 1 to 2 days after 111In-DOTA-Gly3Phe-monoclonal antibody increased the tumor-cumulated activity in patients and in mice with epithelial cancers and did not alter cumulated activities in normal tissues.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research