Docosahexaenoic acid supplementation improves fasting and postprandial lipid profiles in hypertriglyceridemic men

Darshan S. Kelley, David Siegel, Madhuri Vemuri, Bruce E. Mackey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the mean size and concentrations of VLDL, LDL, and HDL subclasses have not been previously studied. Objective: We determined the effects of DHA supplementation on the concentrations of apoproteins; large, medium, and small VLDL, LDL, and HDL particles; and the mean diameters of these particles in fasting and postprandial plasma. Design: Hypertriglyceridemic men aged 39-66 y (n = 34) participated in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled parallel study. They received no supplements for the first 8 d and received either 7.5 g DHA oil/d (3 g DHA/d) or olive oil (placebo) for the last 90 d. Lipoprotein particle diameters and concentrations were measured by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Results: DHA supplementation for 45 d significantly (P < 0.05) decreased concentrations of fasting triacylglycerol (24%), large VLDL (92%), and intermediate-density lipoproteins (53%) and the mean diameter of VLDL particles (11.1 nm). It elevated concentrations of LDL cholesterol (12.6%), small VLDL particles (133%), and large LDL particles (120%) and the mean diameter of LDL particles (0.6 nm) in fasting plasma. Similar changes were observed for area under the curve for postprandial samples (0-6 h); however, the number of small dense LDL particles decreased significantly (21%), and the change in LDL cholesterol was not significant. Continued supplementation with DHA beyond 45 d caused no further changes; placebo treatment altered none of the responses tested. Conclusion: DHA supplementation may improve cardiovascular health by lowering concentrations of triacylglycerols and small, dense LDL particles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)324-333
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume86
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

Keywords

  • Apoproteins
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cholesterol
  • HDL
  • Heart rate
  • LDL
  • N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids
  • Postprandial lipemia
  • Triacylglycerol
  • VLDL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

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