Endotoxemia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the equine industry, with colic being the most common cause of endotoxemia in horses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of a single dose of allogeneic equine bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) in horses after the IV administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Six horses were administered an IV infusion of 30 ng/kg LPS (O55:B5 Escherichia coli) in 500 ml saline over 30 min. Immediately after infusion test horses (n = 3) were administered 100 × 106 allogeneic BM-MSCs diluted in saline IV and control horses (n = 3) were administered saline. Clinicopathological data, pro-inflammatory cytokine measurements and sCD14 concentrations were compared between groups. No adverse reactions were observed in horses administered BM-MSCs intravenously. There were no significant differences between test and control horses with regard to clinicopathological values or pro-inflammatory cytokine production. At no time point did concentrations of sCD14 exceed the reference range in any horse. Results suggest that administration of a single IV dose of freshly cultured MSCs is safe and well-tolerated in horses with induced endotoxemia. Further study to evaluate their efficacy as a potential therapeutic in a larger number of horses with clinical disease is required.
- Mesenchymal stem cells
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