Three normal human skin fibroblast cell lines were exposed to the simulated solar UV radiation produced by a fluorescent sunlamp under conditions in which the wavelength components shorter than either 295, 305 or 315 nm were excluded. The level of DNA-protein crosslinks (DPC) was then measured in those cells using the alkaline elution technique either immediately after irradiation or following a 24 h incubation. In each case, cells were exposed to fluences that induce similar levels of DPC. For cells exposed to 10 kJ m(-2) of sunlamp UV > 295 nm, the level of DPC exhibited a 2-5-fold increase following incubation. In contrast, 40-100% of the DPC were removed upon incubation of cells irradiated with either 100 kJ m(-2) of sunlamp UV > 305 nm or 150 kJ m(-2) of sunlamp UV > 315 nm. A major difference between the effects induced by these wavelength regions is that, in addition to DPC, a very high level of pyrimidine dimers is also produced by sunlamp UV > 295 nm, whereas much lower dimer yields result from treatment with either sunlamp UV > 305 nm or sunlamp UV > 315 nm. A potential role for type II DNA topoisomerase in the formation of these DPC resulting from either the change in conformational structure caused by the presence of a high level of dimers or an involvement of this enzyme in dimer excision repair is discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Photochemistry and Photobiology|
|State||Published - Jul 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)