A DNA vaccine was tested in infant Rhesus macaques to evaluate its safety, immunogenicity and protective efficacy. Monkeys were vaccinated and challenged with a clinical isolate of human RSV. Vaccinated animals developed humoral and cellular responses following inoculation with plasmid DNA encoding the fusion (F) and nucleoprotein (N), from closely related bovine RSV. Vaccinated monkeys had decreased RSV in their lungs post-infection, and there was a qualitative difference in histopathology observed between vaccinated and unvaccinated animals. The combined result of safety and immunogenicity in a neonatal primate model is encouraging, suggesting the feasibility of DNA vaccines against RSV in infants.
- DNA immunization
- Rhesus monkeys
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health