Disulfide-mediated polymerization reactions and physical properties of heated WPI-stabilized emulsions

F. J. Monahan, D. J. McClements, J. B. German

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heating a 19 wt% corn oil-in-water emulsion stabilized by 1 wt% whey protein isolate from 30 to 70°C and then cooling to 25°C for at least 15 hr, brought about minimal changes in droplet aggregation, apparent viscosity and susceptibility to creaming. At 75°C, droplet aggregation occurred but this decreased on heating to 90°C. The apparent viscosity and susceptibility of droplets to creaming increased as the degree of droplet aggregation increased. Inclusion of the sulfhydryl blocking agent N- ethylmaleimide to inhibit thiol/disulfide interchange reactions did not affect droplet aggregation but resulted in higher apparent viscosity values and susceptibility to creaming at 85 and 90°C and not at lower temperatures. The results suggest that droplet aggregation results from noncovalent interactions between unfolded protein molecules adsorbed on different droplets and that the interactions are strengthened by disulfide bonds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-509
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Food Science
Volume61
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1996

Keywords

  • aggregation
  • corn oil
  • emulsion
  • sulfhydryl
  • whey protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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