Distribution of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the monkey amygdala

David G Amaral, C. Avendano, R. Benoit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The distribution of somatostatin-like immunoreactivity was studied in the macaque monkey (Macaca fascicularis) by using primary antisera that recognize somatostatin-28 (S309) or somatostatin-281-12 (S320). Somatostatin-immunoreactive neuronal cell bodies were observed in all amygdaloid nuclei and cortical regions. The density of labeled cells varied substantially, however, both within and across the various amygdaloid subdivisions. The highest densities of labeled neurons were observed in layer III of the periamygdaloid cortex, in layers II and III of the medial nucleus, in the magnocellular division of the accessory basal nucleus, and in the medial portion of the lateral nucleus. Many labeled cells were also consistently observed in the caudoventral portion of the lateral division of the central nucleus. Labeled cells were heterogeneous in size and shape ranging from small and spherical to large and multipolar. The density of somatostatin-immunoreactive fibers also varied greatly from region to region and was often inversely related to the density of immunoreactive cells. Highest densities of immunoreactive fibers were observed in the periamygdaloid cortex, medial nucleus, parvicellular division of the accessory basal nucleus, paralaminar nucleus, ventrolateral portion of the lateral nucleus, parvicellular division of the basal nucleus, and the lateral division of the central nucleus. Fibers and terminals in the central nucleus had a coarsely varicose appearance and this pattern of staining was continuous along the trajectory of the central nucleus projection to the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. The large, immunoreactive varicosities located in this area often appeared to outline dendritic or vascular profiles within the substantia innominata. The lowest levels of somatostatin-immunoreactive fibers were observed in the magnocellular division of the basal nucleus and in the ventromedial portion of the accessory basal nucleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-313
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Comparative Neurology
Volume284
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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