Distribution of hematoporphyrin derivative in the rat 9L gliosarcoma brain tumor analyzed by digital video fluorescence microscopy

James E Boggan, R. Walter, M. S B Edwards, J. K. Borcich, R. L. Davis, M. Koonce, M. W. Berns

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Abstract

A digital video fluorescence microscopy tecnique was used to evaluate the distribution of hematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) in the rat intracerebral 9L gliosarcoma brain-tumor model at 4, 24, 48, and 72 hours after intravenous administration of 10 mg/kg of the drug. Compared to surrounding normal brain, there was significant preferential uptake of HPD into the tumor. In sections surveyed, fluorescence reached a maximum value by 24 hours; however, only 33% to 44% of the tumor was fluorescent. In contrast, fluorescence within the surrounding normal brain was maximum at 4 hours, but was present in less than 1% of the brain tissue evaluated. The effect of HPD sensitization to a laser light dose (633 nm) of 30 joules/sq cm delivered through the intact skull was evaluated histologically in 10 rats. A patchy coagulation necrosis, possibly corresponding to the distribution of HPD fluorescence seen within the tumor, was observed. There was evidence that photo-radiation therapy (PRT) affects defective tumor vasculature and that a direct tumor cell toxicity spared normal brain tissue. Despite these findings, limited uptake of HPD in tumor and the brain adjacent to tumor may decrease the effectiveness of PRT in the 9L gliosarcoma brain-tumor model. Because of the similarity between the capillary system of the 9L tumor and human brain tumors, PRT may have a limited therapeutic effect in patients with malignant brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1113-1119
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume61
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Boggan, J. E., Walter, R., Edwards, M. S. B., Borcich, J. K., Davis, R. L., Koonce, M., & Berns, M. W. (1984). Distribution of hematoporphyrin derivative in the rat 9L gliosarcoma brain tumor analyzed by digital video fluorescence microscopy. Journal of Neurosurgery, 61(6), 1113-1119.