Distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in subsets of rhesus macaque peripheral blood T-lymphocytes as determined by monoclonal antibodies

Tγ, Tμ, T-null, and histamine receptor bearing T-cells

L. R. Ellingsworth, Bennie Osburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) peripheral blood T-lymphocyte subpopulations were assessed for the distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic cells using the T-cell subset specific monoclonal antibodies T4 and T8 respectively. Highly purified T-lymphocytes (> 90% E-rosetted) were separated into subpopulations by rosetting with IgG (Tγ) and Igm (Tμ) sensitized bovine red blood cells, or by adsorption with insolubilized histamine. In this study, rhesus peripheral blood T-lymphocytes were found to express cell-surface determinates recognized by T4 and T8 monoclonal antibodies. Subset frequencies were found to be comparable to that found in humans (50% T4 and 33% T8). The helper subpopulation, Tμ, contained 30% T4 and 2% T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ helper activity may be due to a selective depletion of suppressor cells, rather than an enrichment of helper T-cells. The suppressor subpopulations, Tγ, contained 9% T4 and 2% T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ cells may represent either an undifferentiated suppressor cell or, perhaps, a separate suppressor subpopulation which does not express T8 differentiation antigens. The Tγ-subpopulation (depleted of cells with Fc-IgG receptors) was rich in helper T-cells (52% T4) and depleted of suppressor T-cells (6% T8). T-cells depleted of cells expressing IgM or IgG receptors, T-null, contained 47% T4 and 12% T8 type cells. Further, T-cells adsorbed with insolubilized histamine were selectively depleted (70% reduction) of T8 type cells, while the frequency of T4 type cells remained unaffected by histamine absorption. The majority of suppressor/cytotoxic T-cells (T8), therefore, appear to express cell-surface receptors for histamine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-553
Number of pages13
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

Fingerprint

Histamine Receptors
cytotoxic T-lymphocytes
T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Cytotoxic T-Lymphocytes
histamine
Macaca mulatta
monoclonal antibodies
T-lymphocytes
Monoclonal Antibodies
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
T-Lymphocytes
receptors
blood
Histamine
suppressor cells
IgG Receptors
cells
Helper-Inducer T-Lymphocytes
Immunoglobulin G
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

@article{1986f650956645629c412effc3bd1d33,
title = "Distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in subsets of rhesus macaque peripheral blood T-lymphocytes as determined by monoclonal antibodies: Tγ, Tμ, T-null, and histamine receptor bearing T-cells",
abstract = "Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) peripheral blood T-lymphocyte subpopulations were assessed for the distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic cells using the T-cell subset specific monoclonal antibodies T4 and T8 respectively. Highly purified T-lymphocytes (> 90{\%} E-rosetted) were separated into subpopulations by rosetting with IgG (Tγ) and Igm (Tμ) sensitized bovine red blood cells, or by adsorption with insolubilized histamine. In this study, rhesus peripheral blood T-lymphocytes were found to express cell-surface determinates recognized by T4 and T8 monoclonal antibodies. Subset frequencies were found to be comparable to that found in humans (50{\%} T4 and 33{\%} T8). The helper subpopulation, Tμ, contained 30{\%} T4 and 2{\%} T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ helper activity may be due to a selective depletion of suppressor cells, rather than an enrichment of helper T-cells. The suppressor subpopulations, Tγ, contained 9{\%} T4 and 2{\%} T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ cells may represent either an undifferentiated suppressor cell or, perhaps, a separate suppressor subpopulation which does not express T8 differentiation antigens. The Tγ-subpopulation (depleted of cells with Fc-IgG receptors) was rich in helper T-cells (52{\%} T4) and depleted of suppressor T-cells (6{\%} T8). T-cells depleted of cells expressing IgM or IgG receptors, T-null, contained 47{\%} T4 and 12{\%} T8 type cells. Further, T-cells adsorbed with insolubilized histamine were selectively depleted (70{\%} reduction) of T8 type cells, while the frequency of T4 type cells remained unaffected by histamine absorption. The majority of suppressor/cytotoxic T-cells (T8), therefore, appear to express cell-surface receptors for histamine.",
author = "Ellingsworth, {L. R.} and Bennie Osburn",
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T1 - Distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic T-lymphocytes in subsets of rhesus macaque peripheral blood T-lymphocytes as determined by monoclonal antibodies

T2 - Tγ, Tμ, T-null, and histamine receptor bearing T-cells

AU - Ellingsworth, L. R.

AU - Osburn, Bennie

PY - 1981/1/1

Y1 - 1981/1/1

N2 - Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) peripheral blood T-lymphocyte subpopulations were assessed for the distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic cells using the T-cell subset specific monoclonal antibodies T4 and T8 respectively. Highly purified T-lymphocytes (> 90% E-rosetted) were separated into subpopulations by rosetting with IgG (Tγ) and Igm (Tμ) sensitized bovine red blood cells, or by adsorption with insolubilized histamine. In this study, rhesus peripheral blood T-lymphocytes were found to express cell-surface determinates recognized by T4 and T8 monoclonal antibodies. Subset frequencies were found to be comparable to that found in humans (50% T4 and 33% T8). The helper subpopulation, Tμ, contained 30% T4 and 2% T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ helper activity may be due to a selective depletion of suppressor cells, rather than an enrichment of helper T-cells. The suppressor subpopulations, Tγ, contained 9% T4 and 2% T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ cells may represent either an undifferentiated suppressor cell or, perhaps, a separate suppressor subpopulation which does not express T8 differentiation antigens. The Tγ-subpopulation (depleted of cells with Fc-IgG receptors) was rich in helper T-cells (52% T4) and depleted of suppressor T-cells (6% T8). T-cells depleted of cells expressing IgM or IgG receptors, T-null, contained 47% T4 and 12% T8 type cells. Further, T-cells adsorbed with insolubilized histamine were selectively depleted (70% reduction) of T8 type cells, while the frequency of T4 type cells remained unaffected by histamine absorption. The majority of suppressor/cytotoxic T-cells (T8), therefore, appear to express cell-surface receptors for histamine.

AB - Rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) peripheral blood T-lymphocyte subpopulations were assessed for the distribution of helper and suppressor/cytotoxic cells using the T-cell subset specific monoclonal antibodies T4 and T8 respectively. Highly purified T-lymphocytes (> 90% E-rosetted) were separated into subpopulations by rosetting with IgG (Tγ) and Igm (Tμ) sensitized bovine red blood cells, or by adsorption with insolubilized histamine. In this study, rhesus peripheral blood T-lymphocytes were found to express cell-surface determinates recognized by T4 and T8 monoclonal antibodies. Subset frequencies were found to be comparable to that found in humans (50% T4 and 33% T8). The helper subpopulation, Tμ, contained 30% T4 and 2% T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ helper activity may be due to a selective depletion of suppressor cells, rather than an enrichment of helper T-cells. The suppressor subpopulations, Tγ, contained 9% T4 and 2% T8 type cells. These results suggest Tγ cells may represent either an undifferentiated suppressor cell or, perhaps, a separate suppressor subpopulation which does not express T8 differentiation antigens. The Tγ-subpopulation (depleted of cells with Fc-IgG receptors) was rich in helper T-cells (52% T4) and depleted of suppressor T-cells (6% T8). T-cells depleted of cells expressing IgM or IgG receptors, T-null, contained 47% T4 and 12% T8 type cells. Further, T-cells adsorbed with insolubilized histamine were selectively depleted (70% reduction) of T8 type cells, while the frequency of T4 type cells remained unaffected by histamine absorption. The majority of suppressor/cytotoxic T-cells (T8), therefore, appear to express cell-surface receptors for histamine.

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