The distribution and metabolism of triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) in the rat embryomaternal unit were investigated during a teratogenically sensitive period. Pregnant rats (Day 12 of gestation) were injected im with 0.125 or 0.5 mg/kg [3H]TAC. Maternal plasma and embryos were collected at selected time points and analyzed by HPLC and liquid scintillation counting. No significant differences in the percentage of total radioactivity representing unchanged TAC, concentration of TAC, or its elimination half-life were detected in either plasma or embryos of the two dose groups. These results provide evidence that the metabolism and distribution of TAC in the rat embryomaternal unit are dose independent over this known teratogenic dose range. To determine whether multiple administration of TAC resulted in any alterations in maternal or embryonal exposure, the same parameters were evaluated following one (Day 12), two (Days 12 and 13), or three (Days 12, 13, and 14) injections of [3H]TAC (0.5 mg/kg, im). The only alterations detected were an increase in the percentage of total radioactivity in maternal plasma representing unchanged TAC at 1 hr following the second or third injection and an increase in the embryonal concentration of TAC at the same time points.
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