Distinct peripheral blood monocyte and neutrophil transcriptional programs following intracerebral hemorrhage and different etiologies of ischemic stroke

Paulina Carmona-Mora, Bradley Ander, Glen Clifford Jickling, Cheryl Dykstra-Aiello, Xinhua Zhan, Eva Ferino, Farah Hamade, Hajar Amini, Heather Hull, Frank R. Sharp, Boryana Stamova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Understanding cell-specific transcriptome responses following intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and ischemic stroke (IS) will improve knowledge of the immune response to brain injury. Transcriptomic profiles of 141 samples from 48 subjects with ICH, different IS etiologies, and vascular risk factor controls were characterized using RNA-seq in isolated neutrophils, monocytes and whole blood. In both IS and ICH, monocyte genes were down-regulated, whereas neutrophil gene expression changes were generally up-regulated. The monocyte down-regulated response to ICH included innate, adaptive immune, dendritic, NK cell and atherosclerosis signaling. Neutrophil responses to ICH included tRNA charging, mitochondrial dysfunction, and ER stress pathways. Common monocyte and neutrophil responses to ICH included interferon signaling, neuroinflammation, death receptor signaling, and NFAT pathways. Suppressed monocyte responses to IS included interferon and dendritic cell maturation signaling, phagosome formation, and IL-15 signaling. Activated neutrophil responses to IS included oxidative phosphorylation, mTOR, BMP, growth factor signaling, and calpain proteases-mediated blood–brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. Common monocyte and neutrophil responses to IS included JAK1, JAK3, STAT3, and thrombopoietin signaling. Cell-type and cause-specific approaches will assist the search for future IS and ICH biomarkers and treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • gene expression
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage
  • ischemic stroke
  • monocytes
  • neutrophils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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