Dissemination of a Child Passenger Safety Program Through Trauma Center-Community Partnerships

Christy M. Adams, Catherine E. Morris, Edgardo Salcedo, James F Holmes Jr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Improper child passenger restraint use contributes to higher pediatric motor vehicle collision morbidity and mortality among cultural minority populations. Child passenger safety education improves caregiver knowledge of restraint use, but effective interventions require culturally specific programming. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a child passenger safety education program culturally adapted through a pediatric trauma center's community partnerships. A nonexperimental observational cohort study using program evaluation data for the child passenger safety education programs during a 24-month period. Paired pretest/posttest self-reported survey responses measured changes in caregiver knowledge and self-efficacy of restraint use. Data were analyzed by class location and by caregiver language using a paired t test and Wilcoxon's signed ranks test. A total of 1,795 paired survey responses were collected in English, Spanish, or Russian. An increase in mean knowledge scores occurred overall, with a difference in mean of 0.565 (SE = 0.022, 95% CI [0.521, 0.607]). Stratification by class site and by language reflected significant increases in median scores, but findings were variable by study group. Pretest median scores for self-efficacy of restraint use were high for all groups, but the increases in posttest medians were also significant across groups (p ≤.001). Caregiver knowledge and self-efficacy for child passenger restraint use increased after participation in the community classes. The pediatric trauma center's community partnerships facilitated uptake and adaption of the child passenger safety education programs and increased the injury prevention outreach to minority communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Trauma Nursing
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Trauma Centers
Safety
Caregivers
Self Efficacy
Education
Pediatrics
Language
Program Evaluation
Motor Vehicles
Nonparametric Statistics
Observational Studies
Cohort Studies
Morbidity
Mortality
Wounds and Injuries
Population

Keywords

  • Child passenger safety
  • Community partnerships
  • Pediatric injury prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency
  • Critical Care
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Dissemination of a Child Passenger Safety Program Through Trauma Center-Community Partnerships. / Adams, Christy M.; Morris, Catherine E.; Salcedo, Edgardo; Holmes Jr, James F.

In: Journal of Trauma Nursing, Vol. 24, No. 5, 2017, p. 300-305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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