Disproportionate sales of crime guns among licensed handgun retailers in the United States: A case-control study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine risk factors among licensed firearm retailers for disproportionate sales of handguns that are later subjected to ownership tracing, generally after use in crime. Design: Case-control; the study period was 1998-2003. Cases were all eligible firearm retailers whose handguns were later traced at a rate that significantly (p<0.05) exceeded the expected value. Controls were a 4:1 random sample of the remainder. Data were obtained from sales and tracing records for 1998-2003 and site visits conducted August-December, 2004. Subjects and setting: 60 cases and 240 controls, from the 573 retailers in California selling ≥ 50 handguns annually during the study period. Main outcome measure: Status as a case. Odds ratios were used to measure relative risk. Results: In multivariate analyses, cases had larger sales volumes, sold inexpensive handguns more often, had a higher percentage of sales denied because the prospective purchasers were prohibited from owning firearms, and were more likely to be in an urban area, in or near a city with a policy of tracing all recovered crime guns. The effects of several risk factors, including status as a pawnbroker and sales to law enforcement personnel, appeared to be mediated by purchaser characteristics for which denied sales are a proxy measure. Conclusions: A number of factors-most of them characteristics of the retailers or of their handgun purchasers, and most of them available in existing data- were linked to disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in crime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-299
Number of pages9
JournalInjury Prevention
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

Firearms
Crime
Case-Control Studies
Law Enforcement
Ownership
Proxy
Multivariate Analysis
Odds Ratio
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{7be587ccd5a54f72bc998edbf2de191b,
title = "Disproportionate sales of crime guns among licensed handgun retailers in the United States: A case-control study",
abstract = "Objective: To determine risk factors among licensed firearm retailers for disproportionate sales of handguns that are later subjected to ownership tracing, generally after use in crime. Design: Case-control; the study period was 1998-2003. Cases were all eligible firearm retailers whose handguns were later traced at a rate that significantly (p<0.05) exceeded the expected value. Controls were a 4:1 random sample of the remainder. Data were obtained from sales and tracing records for 1998-2003 and site visits conducted August-December, 2004. Subjects and setting: 60 cases and 240 controls, from the 573 retailers in California selling ≥ 50 handguns annually during the study period. Main outcome measure: Status as a case. Odds ratios were used to measure relative risk. Results: In multivariate analyses, cases had larger sales volumes, sold inexpensive handguns more often, had a higher percentage of sales denied because the prospective purchasers were prohibited from owning firearms, and were more likely to be in an urban area, in or near a city with a policy of tracing all recovered crime guns. The effects of several risk factors, including status as a pawnbroker and sales to law enforcement personnel, appeared to be mediated by purchaser characteristics for which denied sales are a proxy measure. Conclusions: A number of factors-most of them characteristics of the retailers or of their handgun purchasers, and most of them available in existing data- were linked to disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in crime.",
author = "Wintemute, {Garen J}",
year = "2009",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1136/ip.2007.017301",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "291--299",
journal = "Injury Prevention",
issn = "1353-8047",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Disproportionate sales of crime guns among licensed handgun retailers in the United States

T2 - A case-control study

AU - Wintemute, Garen J

PY - 2009/10

Y1 - 2009/10

N2 - Objective: To determine risk factors among licensed firearm retailers for disproportionate sales of handguns that are later subjected to ownership tracing, generally after use in crime. Design: Case-control; the study period was 1998-2003. Cases were all eligible firearm retailers whose handguns were later traced at a rate that significantly (p<0.05) exceeded the expected value. Controls were a 4:1 random sample of the remainder. Data were obtained from sales and tracing records for 1998-2003 and site visits conducted August-December, 2004. Subjects and setting: 60 cases and 240 controls, from the 573 retailers in California selling ≥ 50 handguns annually during the study period. Main outcome measure: Status as a case. Odds ratios were used to measure relative risk. Results: In multivariate analyses, cases had larger sales volumes, sold inexpensive handguns more often, had a higher percentage of sales denied because the prospective purchasers were prohibited from owning firearms, and were more likely to be in an urban area, in or near a city with a policy of tracing all recovered crime guns. The effects of several risk factors, including status as a pawnbroker and sales to law enforcement personnel, appeared to be mediated by purchaser characteristics for which denied sales are a proxy measure. Conclusions: A number of factors-most of them characteristics of the retailers or of their handgun purchasers, and most of them available in existing data- were linked to disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in crime.

AB - Objective: To determine risk factors among licensed firearm retailers for disproportionate sales of handguns that are later subjected to ownership tracing, generally after use in crime. Design: Case-control; the study period was 1998-2003. Cases were all eligible firearm retailers whose handguns were later traced at a rate that significantly (p<0.05) exceeded the expected value. Controls were a 4:1 random sample of the remainder. Data were obtained from sales and tracing records for 1998-2003 and site visits conducted August-December, 2004. Subjects and setting: 60 cases and 240 controls, from the 573 retailers in California selling ≥ 50 handguns annually during the study period. Main outcome measure: Status as a case. Odds ratios were used to measure relative risk. Results: In multivariate analyses, cases had larger sales volumes, sold inexpensive handguns more often, had a higher percentage of sales denied because the prospective purchasers were prohibited from owning firearms, and were more likely to be in an urban area, in or near a city with a policy of tracing all recovered crime guns. The effects of several risk factors, including status as a pawnbroker and sales to law enforcement personnel, appeared to be mediated by purchaser characteristics for which denied sales are a proxy measure. Conclusions: A number of factors-most of them characteristics of the retailers or of their handgun purchasers, and most of them available in existing data- were linked to disproportionate sales of handguns that are later used in crime.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350129012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70350129012&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/ip.2007.017301

DO - 10.1136/ip.2007.017301

M3 - Article

C2 - 19805596

AN - SCOPUS:70350129012

VL - 15

SP - 291

EP - 299

JO - Injury Prevention

JF - Injury Prevention

SN - 1353-8047

IS - 5

ER -