Disproportionally strong increase of B cells in inflammatory cerebrospinal fluid of dogs with Steroid-responsive Meningitis-Arteritis

M. Schwartz, Peter F Moore, A. Tipold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steroid-responsive Meningitis-Arteritis (SRMA) is a systemic inflammatory disease of juvenile to young adult dogs with a relapsing course and most prominent manifestation in the cervical meninges. Immunophenotyping and flow cytometric measurement of lymphocytes in peripheral blood (PB) and CSF was performed in the acute phase of SRMA (n = 12) and during glucocorticosteroid treatment (n = 10). Values were compared to those from dogs with other neurologic diseases (n = 63) and healthy individuals (n = 7). Dogs with SRMA had high CD4:CD8α ratios in PB and low T:B cell ratios in PB and CSF suggesting that a TH2-mediated immune response occurs. The T:B cell ratio in CSF was markedly lower than that in PB indicating that either a selective recruitment of B cells or, alternatively, their strong intrathecal proliferation takes place. SRMA appears to be a valuable animal model for the investigation of compartmentalization of immune responses and for studies on differences in local central nervous system and systemic immune responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-283
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume125
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2008

Fingerprint

arteritis
Arteritis
meningitis
cerebrospinal fluid
Meningitis
B-lymphocytes
steroids
Cerebrospinal Fluid
B-Lymphocytes
Steroids
Dogs
dogs
blood
immune response
meninges
Meninges
Immunophenotyping
CD4-CD8 Ratio
nervous system diseases
Nervous System Diseases

Keywords

  • Canine
  • CD4
  • CNS immune response
  • Compartmentalization
  • Flow cytometry
  • Immunoglobulin A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Disproportionally strong increase of B cells in inflammatory cerebrospinal fluid of dogs with Steroid-responsive Meningitis-Arteritis. / Schwartz, M.; Moore, Peter F; Tipold, A.

In: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Vol. 125, No. 3-4, 15.10.2008, p. 274-283.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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