Differentiation between intra-abdominal neoplasms and abscesses in horses, using clinical and laboratory data: 40 cases (1973-1988).

S. C. Zicker, William D Wilson, I. Medearis

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Abstract

The medical records of 25 horses with intra-abdominal neoplasms and 15 horses with intra-abdominal abscesses were reviewed. Common clinical signs of disease observed by owners of horses in both groups included anorexia, weight loss, fever, signs of colic, and depression. Clinical laboratory abnormalities included leukocytosis, hyperfibrinogenemia, hypoalbuminemia, and hypocalcemia. There was considerable overlap of laboratory test results within and between the 2 groups of horses. Peritoneal fluid was classified as an exudate in 12 of 15 horses with intra-abdominal abscesses and in 14 of 25 horses with intra-abdominal neoplasms. Cytologic examination of peritoneal fluid yielded an accurate diagnosis in 11 of 25 horses with neoplasia and in 3 of 15 horses with abscesses. A mean number of 1.45 cytologic analyses/horse was needed to diagnose neoplasms in the 11 horses in which the analysis was successful in definitively diagnosing the condition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1130-1134
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume196
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 1990

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Abdominal Neoplasms
Abdominal Abscess
abscess
Horses
horses
neoplasms
Ascitic Fluid
Hypoalbuminemia
hypocalcemia
Colic
Hypocalcemia
colic
Leukocytosis
Anorexia
Exudates and Transudates
anorexia
Abscess
fever
Medical Records
Weight Loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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