Differentiated embryo-chondrocyte expressed gene 1 regulates p53-dependent cell survival versus cell death through macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1

Yingjuan Qian, Yong Sam Jung, Xinbin Chen

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activation of p53 upon DNA damage induces an array of target genes, leading to cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which the cell fate is controlled by p53 remains to be clarified. Previously, we showed that DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and a target of p53, is capable of inducing cell cycle arrest and mediating DNA damage-induced premature senescence. Here, we found that ectopic expression of DEC1 inhibits, whereas knockdown of DEC1 enhances, DNA damage-induced cell death. Surprisingly, we showed that the anti-cell-death activity of DEC1 is p53 dependent, but DEC1 does not directly modulate p53 expression. Instead, we showed that DEC1 inhibits the ability of p53 to induce macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), but not other prosurvival/proapoptotic targets, including p21 and Puma. Importantly, we showed that upon binding to their respective response elements on the MIC-1 promoter, DEC1 and p53 physically interact on the MIC-1 promoter via the basic helix-loop-helix domain in DEC1 and the tetramerization domain in p53, which likely weakens the DNA-binding activity of p53 to the MIC-1 promoter. Finally, we found that depletion of MIC-1 abrogates the ability of DEC1 to attenuate DNA damage-induced cell death. Together, we hypothesize that DEC1 controls the response of p53-dependent cell survival vs. cell death to a stress signal through MIC-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11300-11305
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume109
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2012

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Growth Differentiation Factor 15
Chondrocytes
Cell Survival
Cell Death
Embryonic Structures
DNA Damage
Genes
Cell Cycle Checkpoints
Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs
Puma
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
Response Elements
Apoptosis
DNA

Keywords

  • Growth differentiation factor 15
  • Stimulated by retinoic acid 13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Differentiated embryo-chondrocyte expressed gene 1 regulates p53-dependent cell survival versus cell death through macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1",
abstract = "Activation of p53 upon DNA damage induces an array of target genes, leading to cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which the cell fate is controlled by p53 remains to be clarified. Previously, we showed that DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and a target of p53, is capable of inducing cell cycle arrest and mediating DNA damage-induced premature senescence. Here, we found that ectopic expression of DEC1 inhibits, whereas knockdown of DEC1 enhances, DNA damage-induced cell death. Surprisingly, we showed that the anti-cell-death activity of DEC1 is p53 dependent, but DEC1 does not directly modulate p53 expression. Instead, we showed that DEC1 inhibits the ability of p53 to induce macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), but not other prosurvival/proapoptotic targets, including p21 and Puma. Importantly, we showed that upon binding to their respective response elements on the MIC-1 promoter, DEC1 and p53 physically interact on the MIC-1 promoter via the basic helix-loop-helix domain in DEC1 and the tetramerization domain in p53, which likely weakens the DNA-binding activity of p53 to the MIC-1 promoter. Finally, we found that depletion of MIC-1 abrogates the ability of DEC1 to attenuate DNA damage-induced cell death. Together, we hypothesize that DEC1 controls the response of p53-dependent cell survival vs. cell death to a stress signal through MIC-1.",
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AU - Qian, Yingjuan

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N2 - Activation of p53 upon DNA damage induces an array of target genes, leading to cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which the cell fate is controlled by p53 remains to be clarified. Previously, we showed that DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and a target of p53, is capable of inducing cell cycle arrest and mediating DNA damage-induced premature senescence. Here, we found that ectopic expression of DEC1 inhibits, whereas knockdown of DEC1 enhances, DNA damage-induced cell death. Surprisingly, we showed that the anti-cell-death activity of DEC1 is p53 dependent, but DEC1 does not directly modulate p53 expression. Instead, we showed that DEC1 inhibits the ability of p53 to induce macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), but not other prosurvival/proapoptotic targets, including p21 and Puma. Importantly, we showed that upon binding to their respective response elements on the MIC-1 promoter, DEC1 and p53 physically interact on the MIC-1 promoter via the basic helix-loop-helix domain in DEC1 and the tetramerization domain in p53, which likely weakens the DNA-binding activity of p53 to the MIC-1 promoter. Finally, we found that depletion of MIC-1 abrogates the ability of DEC1 to attenuate DNA damage-induced cell death. Together, we hypothesize that DEC1 controls the response of p53-dependent cell survival vs. cell death to a stress signal through MIC-1.

AB - Activation of p53 upon DNA damage induces an array of target genes, leading to cell cycle arrest and/or apoptosis. However, the mechanism by which the cell fate is controlled by p53 remains to be clarified. Previously, we showed that DEC1, a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor and a target of p53, is capable of inducing cell cycle arrest and mediating DNA damage-induced premature senescence. Here, we found that ectopic expression of DEC1 inhibits, whereas knockdown of DEC1 enhances, DNA damage-induced cell death. Surprisingly, we showed that the anti-cell-death activity of DEC1 is p53 dependent, but DEC1 does not directly modulate p53 expression. Instead, we showed that DEC1 inhibits the ability of p53 to induce macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), but not other prosurvival/proapoptotic targets, including p21 and Puma. Importantly, we showed that upon binding to their respective response elements on the MIC-1 promoter, DEC1 and p53 physically interact on the MIC-1 promoter via the basic helix-loop-helix domain in DEC1 and the tetramerization domain in p53, which likely weakens the DNA-binding activity of p53 to the MIC-1 promoter. Finally, we found that depletion of MIC-1 abrogates the ability of DEC1 to attenuate DNA damage-induced cell death. Together, we hypothesize that DEC1 controls the response of p53-dependent cell survival vs. cell death to a stress signal through MIC-1.

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