Affinity regulation of integrin function plays an important role during both leukocyte-endothelial and leukocyte-leukocyte interactions. We compared the roles of Mn(2+) (Manganese) and Gd(3+) (Gadolinium) in regulating leukocyte CD18-integrin function. We observed that: (i) Both cations prolonged neutrophil homotypic aggregation following chemoattractant IL-8 stimulation, with Gd(3+) being effective at doses two orders of magnitude (10 microM range) lower that Mn(2+). (ii) While both Gd(3+) and Mn(2+) mediate homotypic cell aggregation via L: -selectin and CD18 integrins, their effects on the integrin subunits, LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) and Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18), was different. Gd(3+) altered both LFA-1 and Mac-1 function, while the dominant effect of Mn(2+) was on Mac-1. This effect of Gd(3+) on LFA-1 function was confirmed in cell-free studies that measured the binding of recombinant ICAM-1 to LFA-1 immobilized on beads. (iii) Both ions augmented the binding of 327C, an antibody that recognizes active CD18 on human neutrophils, both in the presence and absence of exogenous IL-8. The effects of Mn(2+) was more pronounced since it caused 3-4-fold increase in mAb 327C binding to neutrophils compared to Gd(3+) which increased antibody binding by only approximately 80%. 327C binding was partially reduced by Ca(2+). Further, 327C binding induced by Mn(2+) did not correlate tightly with cell adhesion function. (iv) In studies that monitored intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)), the addition of Mn(2+) but not Gd(3+) to neutrophils altered [Ca(2+)](i) levels. Overall, while both Gd(3+) and Mn(2+) stabilize high affinity CD18 mediated cell adhesion, Gd(3+) affects integrin conformation while Mn(2+) may also trigger other effects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Annals of Biomedical Engineering|
|State||Published - Apr 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering