Studies on angiogenic cytokines usually are initially based upon their expression by available established cell lines. Our hypothesis is that established epithelial prostate cancer (CaP) cell lines do not accurately reflect angiogenic cytokine expression as compared to epithelial and stromal components of primary cultures generated from clinical CaP specimens. Serum free and growth factor free conditioned medium (CM) was collected from PC3, LNCaP, and their orthotopic selected prostate cancer sublines. Surgically acquired and pathologically confirmed neoplastic prostate tissue was selectively grown for selection of epithelial or stromal components, and CM was also collected. CM was assayed for urokinase (u-PA), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). u-PA was expressed only by androgen independent cell lines, but was detectable in the epithelial and stromal cultures of androgen sensitive primary cultures. bFGF was not secreted by cell lines nor epithelial primary cultures. VEGF was universally expressed, but TNF-α was not secreted by cells lines nor primary cultures. These data suggest that the expression of angiogenic cytokines by established epithelial CaP cell lines does not reflect epithelial and stromal primary cultures.
- Basic fibroblast growth factor
- Primary prostate culture
- Tumor necrosis factor alpha
- Vascular endothelial growth factor
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