Differential effects of docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid on suppression of lipoxygenase pathway in peritoneal macrophages

B. R. Lokesh, B. German, J. E. Kinsella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations


Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) was facilely incorporated into phospholipids of mouse peritoneal macrophages following incubation with pure fatty acids complexed to bovine serum albumin. Following stimulation with calcium ionophore A23187, the DHA-enriched cells synthesized significantly smaller amounts of leukotriene C4 and leukotriene B4 compared to control or EPA-enriched cells. The EPA-enriched cells synthesized lower amounts of leukotriene C4 and leukotriene B4 compared to control cells. The stimulated macrophages utilized endogenously released arachidonic acid for leukotriene B4 and leukotriene C4 synthesis. Exogenous arachidonic acid increased the formation of 12-hydroxyeico-satetraenoic acid (12-HETE) and 15-HETE and macrophages enriched with DHA or EPA produced similar amounts of 12-HETE and 15-HETE compared to control cells. These studies demonstrated that the synthesis of leukotriene C4, leukotriene B4 and HETE in macrophages is differentially affected by DHA and EPA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 19 1988
Externally publishedYes



  • (Mouse macrophage)
  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Icosapentaenoic acid
  • Leukotriene synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Endocrinology

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