Dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid increased its concentration in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but did not alter their function

D. S. Kelley, V. A. Simon, P. C. Taylor, I. L. Rudolph, P. Benito, G. J. Nelson, B. E. Mackey, Kent L Erickson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine if conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation of diets would alter fatty acid (FA) composition and function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Seventeen women, 20-41 yr, participated in a 93-d study conducted at the Metabolic Research Unit. The same diet (19, 30, and 51% energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrate, respectively) was fed to all subjects throughout the study. Seven subjects (control group) supplemented their diet with six daily capsules (1 g each) of placebo oil (sunflower) for 93 d. For the other 10 subjects (CLA group), the supplement was changed to an equivalent amount of Tonalin capsules for the last 63 d of the study. Tonalin provided 3.9 g/d of a mixture of CLA isomers (trans-10,cis-12, 22.6%; cis-11, trans-13, 23.6%; cis-9,trans-11, 17.6%; trans-8,cis-10, 16.6%; other isomers 19.6%), and 2.1 g/d of other FA. PBMC isolated on study days 30 and 90 were used to assess intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry, secreted cytokines, and eicosanoid by enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay, and FA composition by gas-liquid chromatography. After supplementation, total CLA concentration increased from 0.012 to 0.97% (P ≤ 0.0001) in PBMC lipids, but it did not significantly alter the concentration of other FA. CLA supplementation did not alter the in vitro secretion of prostaglandin E2, leukotriene B4, interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), or tumor necrosis factor α(TNFα) by PBMC simulated with lipopolysaccharide, and the secretion of IL-2 by PBMC stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. Nor did it alter the percentage T cells producing IL-2, interferon γ, and percentage of monocytes producing TNFα. The intracellular concentration of these cytokines was also not altered. None of the variables tested changed in the control group. Our results show that CLA supplementation increased its concentration in PBMC lipids, but did not alter their functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)669-674
Number of pages6
JournalLipids
Volume36
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2001

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Conjugated Linoleic Acids
conjugated linoleic acid
mononuclear leukocytes
Dietary Supplements
dietary supplements
Blood Cells
Blood
Fatty Acids
Nutrition
cytokines
tumor necrosis factors
Cytokines
Diet
interleukin-2
Isomers
Capsules
Interleukin-2
lipids
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
fatty acid composition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid increased its concentration in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but did not alter their function. / Kelley, D. S.; Simon, V. A.; Taylor, P. C.; Rudolph, I. L.; Benito, P.; Nelson, G. J.; Mackey, B. E.; Erickson, Kent L.

In: Lipids, Vol. 36, No. 7, 2001, p. 669-674.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelley, DS, Simon, VA, Taylor, PC, Rudolph, IL, Benito, P, Nelson, GJ, Mackey, BE & Erickson, KL 2001, 'Dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid increased its concentration in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but did not alter their function', Lipids, vol. 36, no. 7, pp. 669-674.
Kelley, D. S. ; Simon, V. A. ; Taylor, P. C. ; Rudolph, I. L. ; Benito, P. ; Nelson, G. J. ; Mackey, B. E. ; Erickson, Kent L. / Dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid increased its concentration in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but did not alter their function. In: Lipids. 2001 ; Vol. 36, No. 7. pp. 669-674.
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abstract = "The purpose of this study was to examine if conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation of diets would alter fatty acid (FA) composition and function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Seventeen women, 20-41 yr, participated in a 93-d study conducted at the Metabolic Research Unit. The same diet (19, 30, and 51{\%} energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrate, respectively) was fed to all subjects throughout the study. Seven subjects (control group) supplemented their diet with six daily capsules (1 g each) of placebo oil (sunflower) for 93 d. For the other 10 subjects (CLA group), the supplement was changed to an equivalent amount of Tonalin capsules for the last 63 d of the study. Tonalin provided 3.9 g/d of a mixture of CLA isomers (trans-10,cis-12, 22.6{\%}; cis-11, trans-13, 23.6{\%}; cis-9,trans-11, 17.6{\%}; trans-8,cis-10, 16.6{\%}; other isomers 19.6{\%}), and 2.1 g/d of other FA. PBMC isolated on study days 30 and 90 were used to assess intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry, secreted cytokines, and eicosanoid by enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay, and FA composition by gas-liquid chromatography. After supplementation, total CLA concentration increased from 0.012 to 0.97{\%} (P ≤ 0.0001) in PBMC lipids, but it did not significantly alter the concentration of other FA. CLA supplementation did not alter the in vitro secretion of prostaglandin E2, leukotriene B4, interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), or tumor necrosis factor α(TNFα) by PBMC simulated with lipopolysaccharide, and the secretion of IL-2 by PBMC stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. Nor did it alter the percentage T cells producing IL-2, interferon γ, and percentage of monocytes producing TNFα. The intracellular concentration of these cytokines was also not altered. None of the variables tested changed in the control group. Our results show that CLA supplementation increased its concentration in PBMC lipids, but did not alter their functions.",
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T1 - Dietary supplementation with conjugated linoleic acid increased its concentration in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, but did not alter their function

AU - Kelley, D. S.

AU - Simon, V. A.

AU - Taylor, P. C.

AU - Rudolph, I. L.

AU - Benito, P.

AU - Nelson, G. J.

AU - Mackey, B. E.

AU - Erickson, Kent L

PY - 2001

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N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine if conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation of diets would alter fatty acid (FA) composition and function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Seventeen women, 20-41 yr, participated in a 93-d study conducted at the Metabolic Research Unit. The same diet (19, 30, and 51% energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrate, respectively) was fed to all subjects throughout the study. Seven subjects (control group) supplemented their diet with six daily capsules (1 g each) of placebo oil (sunflower) for 93 d. For the other 10 subjects (CLA group), the supplement was changed to an equivalent amount of Tonalin capsules for the last 63 d of the study. Tonalin provided 3.9 g/d of a mixture of CLA isomers (trans-10,cis-12, 22.6%; cis-11, trans-13, 23.6%; cis-9,trans-11, 17.6%; trans-8,cis-10, 16.6%; other isomers 19.6%), and 2.1 g/d of other FA. PBMC isolated on study days 30 and 90 were used to assess intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry, secreted cytokines, and eicosanoid by enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay, and FA composition by gas-liquid chromatography. After supplementation, total CLA concentration increased from 0.012 to 0.97% (P ≤ 0.0001) in PBMC lipids, but it did not significantly alter the concentration of other FA. CLA supplementation did not alter the in vitro secretion of prostaglandin E2, leukotriene B4, interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), or tumor necrosis factor α(TNFα) by PBMC simulated with lipopolysaccharide, and the secretion of IL-2 by PBMC stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. Nor did it alter the percentage T cells producing IL-2, interferon γ, and percentage of monocytes producing TNFα. The intracellular concentration of these cytokines was also not altered. None of the variables tested changed in the control group. Our results show that CLA supplementation increased its concentration in PBMC lipids, but did not alter their functions.

AB - The purpose of this study was to examine if conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation of diets would alter fatty acid (FA) composition and function of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Seventeen women, 20-41 yr, participated in a 93-d study conducted at the Metabolic Research Unit. The same diet (19, 30, and 51% energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrate, respectively) was fed to all subjects throughout the study. Seven subjects (control group) supplemented their diet with six daily capsules (1 g each) of placebo oil (sunflower) for 93 d. For the other 10 subjects (CLA group), the supplement was changed to an equivalent amount of Tonalin capsules for the last 63 d of the study. Tonalin provided 3.9 g/d of a mixture of CLA isomers (trans-10,cis-12, 22.6%; cis-11, trans-13, 23.6%; cis-9,trans-11, 17.6%; trans-8,cis-10, 16.6%; other isomers 19.6%), and 2.1 g/d of other FA. PBMC isolated on study days 30 and 90 were used to assess intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry, secreted cytokines, and eicosanoid by enzyme-linked immonosorbent assay, and FA composition by gas-liquid chromatography. After supplementation, total CLA concentration increased from 0.012 to 0.97% (P ≤ 0.0001) in PBMC lipids, but it did not significantly alter the concentration of other FA. CLA supplementation did not alter the in vitro secretion of prostaglandin E2, leukotriene B4, interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), or tumor necrosis factor α(TNFα) by PBMC simulated with lipopolysaccharide, and the secretion of IL-2 by PBMC stimulated with phytohemagglutinin. Nor did it alter the percentage T cells producing IL-2, interferon γ, and percentage of monocytes producing TNFα. The intracellular concentration of these cytokines was also not altered. None of the variables tested changed in the control group. Our results show that CLA supplementation increased its concentration in PBMC lipids, but did not alter their functions.

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