Dietary protein source (soybean vs. casein) and taurine status affect kinetics of the enterohepatic circulation of taurocholic acid in cats

M. A. Hickman, M. L. Bruss, James Morris, Quinton Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of dietary protein source (soybean vs. casein) and taurine status on kinetics of [24-14C] and [taurine-2-3H]taurocholic acid was determined by isotope dilution in 10 adult male cats (six taurine-replete and four taurine-depleted). Taurine-replete cats were fed 1500 mg taurine/kg purified diets containing either 435 g/kg casein (1500 Cas) or soybean protein (1500 Soy) in a crossover design. Taurine-depleted cats were fed the soybean protein diet with no taurine (0 Soy). Specific activity of [14C]- and [3H]taurocholic acid in bile was determined for 6 d following a pulse dose of dual-labeled taurocholic acid. Taurocholic acid pool size was significantly greater in cats when fed the 1500 Soy diet than when fed the 1500 Cas or than in cats fed the 0 Soy diet. Total entry rate, irreversible loss rate and recycling rate of [taurine-2-3H]taurocholic acid and the irreversible loss rate of [24-14C]taurocholic acid tended to be greater in cats when fed the 1500 Soy than the 1500 Cas diet. Irreversible loss rates of taurocholic acid in taurine-replete cats fed the 1500 Soy diet were significantly greater than in taurine-depleted cats, 356 vs. 120 μmol/d [24- 14C]taurocholic acid and 445 vs. 56 μmol/d [taurine-2-3H]taurocholic acid. The fraction of taurocholic acid was greater, and the fraction of taurochenodeoxycholic and taurodeoxycholic acids lower in cats when fed the 1500 Soy than when fed the 1500 Cas diet. Taurine-depleted cats had less taurocholic, taurochenodeoxycholic, and taurodeoxycholic acids and greater glycocholic and cholic acids than taurine-replete cats fed the 1500 Soy diet. This study demonstrates that both dietary protein source and taurine status affect taurocholic acid kinetics and bile acid composition in cats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1028
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Keywords

  • casein
  • cats
  • soybean
  • taurine
  • taurocholic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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