Dietary pattern classifications with nutrient intake and health-risk factors in Korean men

Ji Eun Lee, Jung Hyun Kim, Say Jin Son, Younjhin Ahn, Juyoung Lee, Chan Park, Lilha Lee, Kent L Erickson, In Kyung Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study was performed to identify dietary patterns in Korean men and to determine the associations among dietary patterns, nutrient intake, and health-risk factors. Methods: Using baseline data from the Korean Health and Genome Study, dietary patterns were identified using factor analysis of data from a validated food-frequency questionnaire, and associations between these dietary patterns and health-risk factors were analyzed. Results: Three dietary patterns were identified: 1) the "animal-food" pattern (greater intake of meats, fish, and dairy products), 2) the "rice-vegetable" pattern (greater intake of rice, tofu, kimchi, soybean paste, vegetables, and seaweed), and 3) the "noodle-bread" pattern (greater intake of instant noodles, Chinese noodles, and bread). The animal-food pattern (preferred by younger people with higher income and education levels) had a positive correlation with obesity and hypercholesterolemia, whereas the rice-vegetable pattern (preferred by older people with lower income and educational levels) was positively associated with hypertension. The noodle-bread pattern (also preferred by younger people with higher income and education levels) had a positive association with abdominal obesity and hypercholesterolemia. Conclusion: This study identifies three unique dietary patterns in Korean men, which are independently associated with certain health-risk factors. The rice-vegetable dietary pattern, modified for a low sodium intake, might be a healthy dietary pattern for Korean men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Blood lipid profile
  • Factor analysis
  • Hypertension
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Lee, J. E., Kim, J. H., Son, S. J., Ahn, Y., Lee, J., Park, C., Lee, L., Erickson, K. L., & Jung, I. K. (2011). Dietary pattern classifications with nutrient intake and health-risk factors in Korean men. Nutrition, 27(1), 26-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2009.10.011