Dietary fat modifies mitochondrial and plasma membrane apoptotic signaling in skeletal muscle of calorierestricted mice

José Alberto López-Domínguez, Husam Khraiwesh, José Antonio González-Reyes, Guillermo López-Lluch, Plácido Navas, Jon J Ramsey, Rafael De Cabo, María Isabel Burón, José M. Villalba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Calorie restriction decreases skeletal muscle apoptosis, and this phenomenon has been mechanistically linked to its protective action against sarcopenia of aging. Alterations in lipid composition of membranes have been related with the beneficial effects of calorie restriction. However, no study has been designed to date to elucidate if different dietary fat sources with calorie restriction modify apoptotic signaling in skeletal muscle. We show that a 6-month calorie restriction decreased the activity of the plasma membrane neutral sphingomyelinase, although caspase-8/10 activity was not altered, in young adult mice. Lipid hydroperoxides, Bax levels, and cytochrome c and AIF release/accumulation into the cytosol were also decreased, although caspase-9 activity was unchanged. No alterations in caspase-3 and apoptotic index (DNA fragmentation) were observed, but calorie restriction improved structural features of gastrocnemius fibers by increasing cross-sectional area and decreasing circularity of fibers in cross sections. Changing dietary fat with calorie restriction produced substantial alterations of apoptotic signaling. Fish oil augmented the protective effect of calorie restriction decreasing plasma membrane neutral sphingomyelinase, Bax levels, caspase-8/10, and -9 activities, while increasing levels of the antioxidant coenzyme Q at the plasma membrane, and potentiating the increase of crosssectional area and the decrease of fiber circularity in cross sections. Many of these changes were not found when we used lard. Our data support that dietary fish oil with calorie restriction produces a cellular anti-apoptotic environment in skeletal muscle with a downregulation of components involved in the initial stages of apoptosis engagement, both at the plasma membrane and the mitochondria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2027-2044
Number of pages18
JournalAge
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Apoptotic signaling
  • Calorie restriction
  • Dietary fat
  • Sarcopenia
  • Skeletal muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    López-Domínguez, J. A., Khraiwesh, H., González-Reyes, J. A., López-Lluch, G., Navas, P., Ramsey, J. J., De Cabo, R., Burón, M. I., & Villalba, J. M. (2013). Dietary fat modifies mitochondrial and plasma membrane apoptotic signaling in skeletal muscle of calorierestricted mice. Age, 35(6), 2027-2044. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-012-9492-9