Diesel exposure and mortality among railway workers: Results of a pilot study

Marc B Schenker, T. Smith, A. Munoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

A pilot study of the mortality of railway workers was undertaken to evaluate the feasibility of studying the association of exposure to diesel exhaust and cause specific mortality. The cohort consisted of 2519 white male subjects aged 45-64 with at least 10 years of railway service by 1967. Subjects were selected on the basis of job classification, and cause specific mortality was ascertained for subjects who died (n = 501) up to 1979. The total follow up period was 28.4 (x 1000) person-years. The standardised mortality ratio (SMR) for the cohort, based on United States national rates, was 87 (95% confidence limits 80, 95), and there were no significant differences from expected number of deaths for any specific neoplasm. The directly standardized rate ratio for respiratory cancer among diesel exposed subjects relative to unexposed subjects was 1.42 ± 0.50 (x̄ ± SE). A proportional hazards model was consistent with the findings of the standardised rate ratio, but in neither analysis was the increased risk of respiratory cancer in diesel exposed subjects statistically significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-327
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Industrial Medicine
Volume41
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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