Did Asperger's cases have Asperger disorder? A research note

Judith N. Miller, Sally J Ozonoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations


With publication of the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV), standardized criteria for Asperger Disorder, a putative subtype of Pervasive Developmental Disorder, are now available. This paper examines the four cases Asperger originally presented in his seminal paper (1991/1944), using DSM-IV criteria to determine whether a diagnosis of Autistic or Asperger Disorder is most appropriate. We found that all four cases met DSM-IV criteria for Autistic Disorder, rather than Asperger Disorder. This suggests that the syndrome Asperger originally described may not be captured by present diagnostic criteria. Implications for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-251
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Asperger Disorder
  • Autism
  • Diagnostic criteria
  • Subtype validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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