Dicer ablation promotes a mesenchymal and invasive phenotype in bladder cancer cells

Alan P. Lombard, Rebecca M. Lim, Rachel M. Nakagawa, Kathleen D. Vidallo, Stephen J. Libertini, Alexander J. Platero, Maria Mudryj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dicer expression is frequently altered in cancer and affects a wide array of cellular functions acting as an oncogene or tumor suppressor in varying contexts. It has been shown that Dicer expression is also deregulated in urothelial cell carcinoma of the bladder (UCCB) but the nature of this deregulation differs between reports. The aim of the present study was to gain a better understanding of the role of Dicer in bladder cancer to help determine its contribution to the disease. The results showed that Dicer transcript levels were decreased in UCCB tumor tissues as compared to normal tissues, suggesting that Dicer is a tumor suppressor. However, consistent with previous results, we demonstrated that knockdown of Dicer decreases cell viability and increases the induction of apoptosis, suggesting that Dicer is an oncogene. To resolve this discrepancy, we assessed the effects of decreased Dicer expression on epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, migration and invasion. We showed that decreased Dicer levels promoted a mesenchymal phenotype and increased migration. Additionally, the results showed that Dicer protein ablation leads to increased cell invasion, higher levels of matrix metalloproteinase- 2, and decreased levels of key miRNAs shown to inhibit invasion. The results of this study suggest that decreased Dicer levels may portend a more malignant phenotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1526-1532
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Reports
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Phenotype
Oncogenes
Carcinoma
Neoplasms
Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
MicroRNAs
Cell Survival
Urinary Bladder
Apoptosis
Proteins

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bladder cancer
  • Dicer
  • Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition
  • Invasion
  • Mesenchymal
  • Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Lombard, A. P., Lim, R. M., Nakagawa, R. M., Vidallo, K. D., Libertini, S. J., Platero, A. J., & Mudryj, M. (2015). Dicer ablation promotes a mesenchymal and invasive phenotype in bladder cancer cells. Oncology Reports, 34(3), 1526-1532. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2015.4117

Dicer ablation promotes a mesenchymal and invasive phenotype in bladder cancer cells. / Lombard, Alan P.; Lim, Rebecca M.; Nakagawa, Rachel M.; Vidallo, Kathleen D.; Libertini, Stephen J.; Platero, Alexander J.; Mudryj, Maria.

In: Oncology Reports, Vol. 34, No. 3, 01.09.2015, p. 1526-1532.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lombard, AP, Lim, RM, Nakagawa, RM, Vidallo, KD, Libertini, SJ, Platero, AJ & Mudryj, M 2015, 'Dicer ablation promotes a mesenchymal and invasive phenotype in bladder cancer cells', Oncology Reports, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 1526-1532. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2015.4117
Lombard AP, Lim RM, Nakagawa RM, Vidallo KD, Libertini SJ, Platero AJ et al. Dicer ablation promotes a mesenchymal and invasive phenotype in bladder cancer cells. Oncology Reports. 2015 Sep 1;34(3):1526-1532. https://doi.org/10.3892/or.2015.4117
Lombard, Alan P. ; Lim, Rebecca M. ; Nakagawa, Rachel M. ; Vidallo, Kathleen D. ; Libertini, Stephen J. ; Platero, Alexander J. ; Mudryj, Maria. / Dicer ablation promotes a mesenchymal and invasive phenotype in bladder cancer cells. In: Oncology Reports. 2015 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 1526-1532.
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