2-Piperidinones are synthesized in a single step from imines and 2-cyano glutaric anhydrides. The reaction provides the products in good diastereoselectivity and generates a quaternary stereogenic center. Substitutions on the anhydride skeleton are well tolerated to provide 2-piperidinones with three stereogenic centers from a single transformation. The pertinent transition structures have also been computed using quantum mechanics and reveal the key interactions controlling the stereochemical outcome of the reaction.
- Mannich reaction
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