Diagnostic utility of thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasound in canine immune-mediated hemolytic anemia

Michael Andres, Erik Hostnik, Eric Green, Catherine Langston, Valerie J. Parker, Chen Gilor, Adam J. Rudinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The utility of thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasound to identify abnormalities in canine immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA) is evaluated. Dogs with regenerative anemias and a clinical diagnosis of IMHA that had thoracic radiographs or abdominal ultrasound performed as part of the evaluation were included. The utility of imaging studies was assessed based on a previously utilized scheme. Patient population and clinical signs were consistent with previous reports of IMHA. In 38 out of 50 dogs, the same clinical evaluation and assessment would have been performed without thoracic radiographs. In 32 out of 64 dogs, the same clinical evaluation and assessment would have been performed without abdominal ultrasound. The results indicate that thoracic radiographs and abdominal ultrasound are of variable utility in identifying concurrent abnormalities in canine patients with IMHA. Prospective studies should be designed to further investigate whether abnormalities identified on imaging studies are related to the IMHA or affect patient prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1065-1071
Number of pages7
JournalThe Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne
Volume60
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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