Diagnostic laryngeal electromyography: The Wake Forest experience 1995-1999

James A. Koufman, Gregory N. Postma, Chris S. Whang, Catherine J. Rees, Milan R. Amin, Peter C Belafsky, Paul E. Johnson, Kieran M. Connolly, Francis O. Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) is a valuable diagnostic/prognostic test for patients with suspected laryngeal neuromuscular disorders. Objective: To report our experience with diagnostic LEMG at the Center for Voice Disorders of Wake Forest University and to evaluate the impact of LEMG on clinical management. Methods: Retrospective chart review of 415 patients who underwent diagnostic LEMG over a 5-year period (1995-1999). Results: Of 415 studies, 83% (346 of 415) were abnormal, indicating a neuropathic process. LEMG results altered the diagnostic evaluation (eg, the type of radiographic imaging) in 11% (46 of 415) of the patients. Unexpected LEMG findings (eg, contralateral neuropathy) were found in 26% (107 of 415) of the patients, and LEMG results differentiated vocal fold paralysis from fixation in 12% (49 of 415). Finally, LEMG results altered the clinical management (eg, changed the timing and/or type of surgical procedure) in 40% (166 of 415) of the patients. Conclusions: LEMG is a valuable diagnostic test that aids the clinician in the diagnosis and management of laryngeal neuromuscular disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-606
Number of pages4
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume124
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2001
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Koufman, J. A., Postma, G. N., Whang, C. S., Rees, C. J., Amin, M. R., Belafsky, P. C., Johnson, P. E., Connolly, K. M., & Walker, F. O. (2001). Diagnostic laryngeal electromyography: The Wake Forest experience 1995-1999. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 124(6), 603-606. https://doi.org/10.1067/mhn.2001.115856