Diagnostic Approach to Infectious Respiratory Disorders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infectious respiratory tract diseases in horses have been identified as one of the most common medical entities by veterinarians nationwide. Because of the contagious nature of certain pathogens involved in these diseases, early diagnosis is important to allow proper management and reduce the risk of exposure to other horses. The combination of general clinical signs, such as fever, anorexia, and depression, with specific respiratory signs such as tachypnea, nasal discharge, coughing, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and adventitial lung sounds should alert the veterinarian to a respiratory tract infection. The individual, herd, and farm histories are important in determining the contagious nature of the disease. Once the patient's problems have been assessed and the differential diagnosis considered, a diagnostic workup is instituted. There are several diagnostic tools available to investigate a respiratory tract infection to achieve an accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. Generally, imaging techniques are performed at referral clinics, whereas samples of the respiratory tract can easily be collected in the field. Samples such as nasopharyngeal swab, transtracheal wash fluid, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, or pleural fluid are routinely used for cytology and culture to detect the inciting pathogen(s). Molecular biological methods based on antigen (ELISA) or nucleic acid (PCR) detection have become more widespread in recent years, increasing the sensitivity and speed for detection of specific respiratory tract pathogens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-186
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Techniques in Equine Practice
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2006

Fingerprint

Veterinarians
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory System
respiratory tract diseases
Horses
Tachypnea
Respiratory Tract Diseases
respiratory system
Adventitia
veterinarians
pathogens
Respiratory Sounds
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Risk Management
Anorexia
Nose
Nucleic Acids
Cell Biology
horses
Early Diagnosis

Keywords

  • diagnostic tools
  • history
  • horse
  • infectious respiratory disease
  • physical examination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

Cite this

@article{29c85cb5b5d0467bbe35e1dbea632e14,
title = "Diagnostic Approach to Infectious Respiratory Disorders",
abstract = "Infectious respiratory tract diseases in horses have been identified as one of the most common medical entities by veterinarians nationwide. Because of the contagious nature of certain pathogens involved in these diseases, early diagnosis is important to allow proper management and reduce the risk of exposure to other horses. The combination of general clinical signs, such as fever, anorexia, and depression, with specific respiratory signs such as tachypnea, nasal discharge, coughing, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and adventitial lung sounds should alert the veterinarian to a respiratory tract infection. The individual, herd, and farm histories are important in determining the contagious nature of the disease. Once the patient's problems have been assessed and the differential diagnosis considered, a diagnostic workup is instituted. There are several diagnostic tools available to investigate a respiratory tract infection to achieve an accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. Generally, imaging techniques are performed at referral clinics, whereas samples of the respiratory tract can easily be collected in the field. Samples such as nasopharyngeal swab, transtracheal wash fluid, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, or pleural fluid are routinely used for cytology and culture to detect the inciting pathogen(s). Molecular biological methods based on antigen (ELISA) or nucleic acid (PCR) detection have become more widespread in recent years, increasing the sensitivity and speed for detection of specific respiratory tract pathogens.",
keywords = "diagnostic tools, history, horse, infectious respiratory disease, physical examination",
author = "Nicola Pusterla and Watson, {Johanna L} and Wilson, {William D}",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1053/j.ctep.2006.03.012",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "174--186",
journal = "Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice",
issn = "1534-7516",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diagnostic Approach to Infectious Respiratory Disorders

AU - Pusterla, Nicola

AU - Watson, Johanna L

AU - Wilson, William D

PY - 2006/9

Y1 - 2006/9

N2 - Infectious respiratory tract diseases in horses have been identified as one of the most common medical entities by veterinarians nationwide. Because of the contagious nature of certain pathogens involved in these diseases, early diagnosis is important to allow proper management and reduce the risk of exposure to other horses. The combination of general clinical signs, such as fever, anorexia, and depression, with specific respiratory signs such as tachypnea, nasal discharge, coughing, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and adventitial lung sounds should alert the veterinarian to a respiratory tract infection. The individual, herd, and farm histories are important in determining the contagious nature of the disease. Once the patient's problems have been assessed and the differential diagnosis considered, a diagnostic workup is instituted. There are several diagnostic tools available to investigate a respiratory tract infection to achieve an accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. Generally, imaging techniques are performed at referral clinics, whereas samples of the respiratory tract can easily be collected in the field. Samples such as nasopharyngeal swab, transtracheal wash fluid, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, or pleural fluid are routinely used for cytology and culture to detect the inciting pathogen(s). Molecular biological methods based on antigen (ELISA) or nucleic acid (PCR) detection have become more widespread in recent years, increasing the sensitivity and speed for detection of specific respiratory tract pathogens.

AB - Infectious respiratory tract diseases in horses have been identified as one of the most common medical entities by veterinarians nationwide. Because of the contagious nature of certain pathogens involved in these diseases, early diagnosis is important to allow proper management and reduce the risk of exposure to other horses. The combination of general clinical signs, such as fever, anorexia, and depression, with specific respiratory signs such as tachypnea, nasal discharge, coughing, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and adventitial lung sounds should alert the veterinarian to a respiratory tract infection. The individual, herd, and farm histories are important in determining the contagious nature of the disease. Once the patient's problems have been assessed and the differential diagnosis considered, a diagnostic workup is instituted. There are several diagnostic tools available to investigate a respiratory tract infection to achieve an accurate diagnosis in a timely manner. Generally, imaging techniques are performed at referral clinics, whereas samples of the respiratory tract can easily be collected in the field. Samples such as nasopharyngeal swab, transtracheal wash fluid, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, or pleural fluid are routinely used for cytology and culture to detect the inciting pathogen(s). Molecular biological methods based on antigen (ELISA) or nucleic acid (PCR) detection have become more widespread in recent years, increasing the sensitivity and speed for detection of specific respiratory tract pathogens.

KW - diagnostic tools

KW - history

KW - horse

KW - infectious respiratory disease

KW - physical examination

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33747355518&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33747355518&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1053/j.ctep.2006.03.012

DO - 10.1053/j.ctep.2006.03.012

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33747355518

VL - 5

SP - 174

EP - 186

JO - Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice

JF - Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice

SN - 1534-7516

IS - 3

ER -