Diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulmonary hypertension may complicate a variety of congenital or acquired cardiac and pulmonary conditions. This vascular disorder results from conditions that lead to a chronic increase in left atrial pressure, increased pulmonary blood flow, or increased pulmonary vascular resistance. Definitive diagnosis requires cardiac catheterization and detection of systolic and mean pulmonary artery pressures exceeding 30 and 20 mm Hg, respectively. Clinical signs and historical complaints reflect underlying cardiac or pulmonary conditions, although syncope may be a predominant finding. Radiographic changes are nonspecific; however, right ventricular enlargement and enlarged pulmonary arteries should increase suspicion for the disorder. Estimates of pulmonary arterial pressure may be obtained through Doppler echocardiography. This requires detection of a high-velocity regurgitant jet across the tricuspid or pulmonic valve. Further investigation is required to determine how pulmonary hypertension impacts therapy and prognosis for dogs and cats with cardiac and pulmonary diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice
Volume14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1999
Externally publishedYes

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Pulmonary Hypertension
hypertension
lungs
Lung
Pulmonary Artery
pulmonary artery
blood vessels
Atrial Pressure
Doppler Echocardiography
Syncope
Cardiac Catheterization
Vascular Resistance
Lung Diseases
Blood Vessels
syncope
Heart Diseases
Arterial Pressure
Cats
Dogs
echocardiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. / Johnson, Lynelle R.

In: Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice, Vol. 14, No. 4, 11.1999, p. 231-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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