Diagnosis of Canine Leptospirosis

Krystle L. Reagan, Jane E Sykes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Several diagnostic tests are available to aid veterinarians in diagnosis of leptospirosis. Understanding the course of infection is imperative to determining which diagnostic test to order and sample to submit. Diagnostic tests for dogs suspected of having leptospirosis include antibody-based tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Paired acute and convalescent microscopic agglutination test (MAT) are diagnostic for leptospirosis. PCR performed on blood and/or urine can be a valuable tool to aid in diagnosis of leptospirosis. Commercially available rapid point-of-care diagnostics have been validated in dogs and have value early in the course of illness before MAT and PCR results are available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Leptospirosis
leptospirosis
Canidae
Routine Diagnostic Tests
diagnostic techniques
Agglutination Tests
dogs
polymerase chain reaction
agglutination tests
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Point-of-Care Systems
Dogs
Veterinarians
veterinarians
urine
Urine
antibodies
Antibodies
blood
Infection

Keywords

  • Diagnostics
  • Dog
  • Leptospirosis
  • Zoonotic disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

Cite this

Diagnosis of Canine Leptospirosis. / Reagan, Krystle L.; Sykes, Jane E.

In: Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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