Dexamethasone protection of rat intestinal epithelial cells against oxidant injury is mediated by induction of heat shock protein 72

Shiro Urayama, Mark W. Musch, Joel Retsky, Mary Beth Madonna, David Straus, Eugene B. Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although the therapeutic actions of glucocorticoids are largely attributed to their anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive effects, they have been implicated in enhancing tissue and cellular protection. In this study, we demonstrate that dexamethasone significantly enhances viability of IEC-18 rat small intestinal cells against oxidant-induced stress in a dose- dependent fashion. This protective action is mediated by induction of hsp72, the major inducible heat shock protein in intestinal epithelial cells. Dexamethasone stimulates a time- and dose-dependent response in hsp72 protein expression that parallels its effects on cell viability. Furthermore, the induction of hsp72 is tissue dependent, as nonintestinal epithelioid HeLa cells show differential induction of hsp72 expression in response to the same dexamethasone treatment. Antisense hsp72 cDNA transfection of IEC-18 cells abolishes the dexamethasone-induced hsp72 response, without significantly affecting constitutive expression of its homologue, hsc73. Dexamethasone treatment also significantly induces hsp72 protein expression in rat intestinal mucosal cells in vivo. These data demonstrate that glucocorticoids protect intestinal epithelial cells against oxidant-induced stress by inducing hsp72.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1860-1865
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume102
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytoprotection
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • Intestinal epithelial cells
  • Stress proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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