Dexamethasone enhances mallory body formation in drug-primed mouse liver

Qi X. Yuan, Yasuyuki Nagao, Barbara A. French, Yu-Jui Yvonne Wan, Samuel W. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In a clinical study in which patients with alcoholic hepatitis were treated with prednisone for 1 month, posttreatment liver biopsies showed diminished inflammation, but Mallory bodies were not diminished. This suggested that steroid treatment may reduce inflammation by inhibiting NFκB activation. Sparing of Mallory bodies suggests that NFκB activation may not be involved mechanistically in Mallory body formation. To test this idea, we induced Mallory body formation in drag-primed mice with or without dexamethasone treatment. As predicted, dexamethasone decreased NFκB activation; however, Mallory body formation was increased. Surprisingly, TNFα and iNOS, which normally increase as a result of NFκB activation, were upregulated by the dexamethasone treatment. It was concluded that NFκB activation is not involved in Mallory body formation. Despite this, induced increases in TNFα, iNOS, c-jun/API and c-myc expression indicate that oxidative stress is likely involved in Mallory body formation. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-210
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental and Molecular Pathology
Volume69
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Mallory Bodies
Liver
Dexamethasone
Chemical activation
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Oxidative stress
Biopsy
Prednisone
Application programming interfaces (API)
Alcoholic Hepatitis
Inflammation
Drag
Steroids
Oxidative Stress
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Dexamethasone enhances mallory body formation in drug-primed mouse liver. / Yuan, Qi X.; Nagao, Yasuyuki; French, Barbara A.; Wan, Yu-Jui Yvonne; French, Samuel W.

In: Experimental and Molecular Pathology, Vol. 69, No. 3, 2000, p. 202-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yuan, Qi X. ; Nagao, Yasuyuki ; French, Barbara A. ; Wan, Yu-Jui Yvonne ; French, Samuel W. / Dexamethasone enhances mallory body formation in drug-primed mouse liver. In: Experimental and Molecular Pathology. 2000 ; Vol. 69, No. 3. pp. 202-210.
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