Introduction: Early promising results of renal nerve denervation awakened interest in developing medical device alternatives for patients with resistant hypertension. The subsequent sham-controlled renal nerve denervation randomized trials were disappointing leading researchers and innovators to explore alternative device and trial designs to address this significant unmet need. We describe the innovation process leading to the first endovascular carotid baroreflex amplification device currently undergoing clinical trials in the United States and Europe. Areas covered: We provide a brief overview of carotid baroreceptor physiology and then couple this knowledge with the fundamental principles of strain pattern changes that led to the proposed innovation. The mechanism of blood pressure reduction via enhancing innate physiologic carotid sinus baroreceptor signaling through changes in pulsatile focal carotid bulb strain is described alongside preclinical testing and early clinical results. Expert opinion: The collective data to date suggest endovascular carotid baroreflex amplification may be an innovative alternative for resistant hypertension patients. However, well-controlled studies will be needed to assess efficacy, safety, durability, and risk: benefit of this permanent intravascular carotid implant. Subject codes: high blood pressure, hypertension, treatment, physiology.
- carotid baroreceptor
- endovascular carotid baroreflex amplification
- Resistant Hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering