Developmental variation in lumbosacropelvic anatomy of Thoroughbred racehorses

Kevin K. Haussler, Susan M Stover, Neil H. Willits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To describe the incidence and types of gross osseous developmental variations and ages of physeal closure in the caudal portion of the thoracic and lumbosacral spine and the pelvis in a sample of Thoroughbred racehorses. Animals - Thoroughbred racehorses (n = 36) that died or were euthanatized at California racetracks between October 1993 and July 1994. Procedure - Lumbosacropelvic specimens were collected, and all soft tissues were removed. The osseous specimens were visually examined. Results - Only 22 (61 %) specimens had the expected number of 6 lumbar and 5 sacral vertebrae. Eight (22%) specimens had thoracolumbar transitional vertebrae, and 13 (36%) had sacrocaudal transitional vertebrae. Articular process asymmetries were present at 1 or more vertebral segments in 30 (83%) specimens. Intertransverse joints (2 to 4 pairs/specimen) were bilaterally distributed in the caudal portion of the lumbar spine and the lumbosacral joint in 31 (86%) specimens. Five (14%) specimens had asymmetric distribution of the intertransverse joints. Intertransverse joint ankylosis was found in 10 (28%) specimens. Lumbosacral vertebral body physeal closure occurred between 4.9 and 6.7 years of age; pelvic physeal closure occurred between 5.2 and 5.8 years of age. Iliac crest and ischial arch epiphyseal formation was evaluated, using a grading system, and fusion to the underlying bone occurred at 7.2 years and 5.4 years of age, respectively. Conclusions - Numerous vertebral anatomic variations were commonly found in a sample of Thoroughbred racehorses. Clinical Relevance - Normal anatomic variations and ages of skeletal maturity need to be considered in clinical evaluation of the equine spine and pelvis for differentiation from pathologic findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1083-1091
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume58
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1997

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racehorses
Anatomy
Spine
Joints
vertebrae
joints (animal)
pelvis
Anatomic Variation
spine (bones)
Pelvis
ankylosis
lumbar spine
Ankylosis
chest
Horses
bones
Thorax
horses
incidence
sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Developmental variation in lumbosacropelvic anatomy of Thoroughbred racehorses. / Haussler, Kevin K.; Stover, Susan M; Willits, Neil H.

In: American Journal of Veterinary Research, Vol. 58, No. 10, 10.1997, p. 1083-1091.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective - To describe the incidence and types of gross osseous developmental variations and ages of physeal closure in the caudal portion of the thoracic and lumbosacral spine and the pelvis in a sample of Thoroughbred racehorses. Animals - Thoroughbred racehorses (n = 36) that died or were euthanatized at California racetracks between October 1993 and July 1994. Procedure - Lumbosacropelvic specimens were collected, and all soft tissues were removed. The osseous specimens were visually examined. Results - Only 22 (61 {\%}) specimens had the expected number of 6 lumbar and 5 sacral vertebrae. Eight (22{\%}) specimens had thoracolumbar transitional vertebrae, and 13 (36{\%}) had sacrocaudal transitional vertebrae. Articular process asymmetries were present at 1 or more vertebral segments in 30 (83{\%}) specimens. Intertransverse joints (2 to 4 pairs/specimen) were bilaterally distributed in the caudal portion of the lumbar spine and the lumbosacral joint in 31 (86{\%}) specimens. Five (14{\%}) specimens had asymmetric distribution of the intertransverse joints. Intertransverse joint ankylosis was found in 10 (28{\%}) specimens. Lumbosacral vertebral body physeal closure occurred between 4.9 and 6.7 years of age; pelvic physeal closure occurred between 5.2 and 5.8 years of age. Iliac crest and ischial arch epiphyseal formation was evaluated, using a grading system, and fusion to the underlying bone occurred at 7.2 years and 5.4 years of age, respectively. Conclusions - Numerous vertebral anatomic variations were commonly found in a sample of Thoroughbred racehorses. Clinical Relevance - Normal anatomic variations and ages of skeletal maturity need to be considered in clinical evaluation of the equine spine and pelvis for differentiation from pathologic findings.",
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