Developmental study of adipose cellularity in lateral hypothalamic-lesioned Zucker obese rats.

K. M. Milam, R. E. Keesey, L. H. Storlien, J. S. Stern

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7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ten-week-old lean and obese Zucker rats were sham lesioned or received bilateral, electrolytic lesions of the lateral hypothalamus (LH). They were maintained on a wet mash diet until killing at 15 or 32 wk of age; control lean and obese rats were also killed at 6 and 10 wk. Body composition analyses were performed and adipocyte cellularity of epididymal, retroperitoneal, and subcutaneous depots were calculated. Changes in body composition of LH-lesioned rats, though similar in the two genotypes on an absolute basis, differed on a percentage basis due to the extreme adiposity of the obese rats. Retarded development of protein depots in both lesioned lean and obese rats was apparent at 15 but not 32 wk. Relative to genotypic controls, lesioned lean and obese rats had smaller adipose depots by 32 wk due to decreased adipocyte size in lean rats and reduced adipocyte number in the obese. This genotype-specific response was probably due to the chronic hyperplasia of adipocytes unique to the obese rats. This distinctive developmental pattern of the epididymal depot is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Volume242
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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