Development of stable mixed T cell chimerism and transplantation tolerance without immune modulation in recipients of vascularized bone marrow allografts

C. W. Hewitt, R. Ramsamooj, M. P. Patel, B. Yazdi, B. M. Achauer, K. S. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

A consistent majority (62.5%) of immunologically unmodified rat recipients transplanted with vascularized hind-limb bone marrow allografts across a semiallogeneic transplant barrier developed tolerance with absence of graft-versus-host disease. A minority of recipients (37.5%) demonstrated lethal GVHD. Transplantation tolerance in the majority was associated with the induction of stable low-level mixed T cell chimerism, including donor CD5+, CD4+, and CD8+ lymphocytes. Chimeras were specifically immune nonresponsive to host alloantigenic determinants. These results emphasized a potentially important mechanism for low-level stable mixed lymphoid chimerism (SMLC) in tolerance induction, independent of immune suppressive effects due to irradiation or immunopharmacologic intervention. These vascularized bone marrow transplantation (VBMT) results may establish the experimental foundation for a novel approach to stem cell transfer and bone marrow transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)766-772
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume50
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Transplantation

Cite this

Hewitt, C. W., Ramsamooj, R., Patel, M. P., Yazdi, B., Achauer, B. M., & Black, K. S. (1990). Development of stable mixed T cell chimerism and transplantation tolerance without immune modulation in recipients of vascularized bone marrow allografts. Transplantation, 50(5), 766-772.