Development of immunosensors for the analysis of l-naphthol in organic media

J. Penalva, R. Puchades, A. Maquieira, S. Gee, B. D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Immunosensor systems have been developed for the rapid determination of l-naphthol. In this work, the comparison of performance of immunosensors working in aqueous and organic media was done. Direct, indirect and capture formats were studied. Immunoreagents were immobilized on controlled pore glass (CPG), hidroxysuccinimide agarose gel or on azlactone Protein A/G supports. The Protein A/G-based sensor showed the best performance. In aqueous media, a LOD of 16.2 μg l-1 and a DR of 33.7-586.6 μg l-1 were achieved employing Tween 20 at a concentration ranging from 0.01 to 0.05% v/v. Maximum sensitivity was reached with 0.025% of surfactant. Binary mixtures of methanol or acetonitrile with aqueous buffer and ternary mixtures of methanol/isopropanol or ethyl acetate/methanol with the same buffer were studied as organic media. The mixture 50% MeOH-50% 20 mM sodium phosphate, pH 8, with 0.05% (v/v) Tween 20 resulted to be the best. A detection limit of 12.0 μg l-1 and a dynamic range of 53.6-17 756.0 μg l-1 were reached. The recycling of Protein A/G-based sensor working in this media was about 300 assays. Preconcentration factors around 250 were achieved using methanol as extracting solvent. It has been demonstrated that the technique can be successful in carrying out the analysis of low solubility in water analytes, such as l-naphthol. The sensors developed can use higher concentrations of organic solvent (up to 50% methanol) compared to ELISA. On the other hand, the advantage of preconcentration can also be taken for the use of the same procedure as recommended for standard sample treatments. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-106
Number of pages8
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Jun 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Immunosensor
  • l-Naphthol
  • Organic media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry


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