Development of an Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for the Detection of the Pyrethroid Insecticide Fenpropathrin

Ingrid Wengatz, Donald W. Stoutamire, Shirley J. Gee, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Scopus citations


A competitive enayme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the quantitative detection of fenpropathrin [(RS)-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzyl-2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropanecarboxylate]. Polyclonal antisera were isolated from rabbits immunized with two different fenpropathrin hapten conjugates. One hapten contained an amino function; the other contained a carboxyl group for conjugation to carrier proteins. Mollusk hemocyanins, thyroglobulin, and fetuin were used as carrier proteins. The antisera varied greatly in their affinities for fenpropathrin. A homologous assay system using the coating antigen format was the most sensitive. The IC50 for fenpropathrin was 20 μg/L, and the lower detection limit was 2.5 μg/L. Pyrethroids, such as phenothrin, permethrin, resmethrin, fenvalerate, deltamethrin, cyfluthrin, and cypermethrin, and the pyrethroid metabolites, 3-phenoxybenzoic acid and fenpropathrin acid, did not cross-react significantly in this assay. Ten percent acetone or methanol and a pH of 4 were determined to be optimum assay conditions. Various cationic, anionic, and nonionic detergents had no significant effect on the assay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2211-2221
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1998


  • Cross-reactivity
  • Enzyme immunoassay
  • Fenpropathrin
  • Pesticide
  • Pyrethroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)


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