A competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the chloronicotinyl insecticide imidacloprid was developed using a polyclonal antibody produced against a hapten conjugated through the imidazolidine to keyhole limpet hemocyanin. In the standard curve of imidacloprid, an IC50 of 17.3 ng/mL was obtained using a competitive heterologous system at pH 10. Very low cross-reactivity was found for some structurally related compounds including the insecticide thiacloprid. The high cross-reactivity with a metabolite containing the carbonyl group in the imidazolidine moiety suggests the involvement of its polarity and stereochemical fitness in forming the antibody-antigen complex. The effects of various assay conditions, including organic solvents, detergent content, salt concentration, and pH on the sensitivity were evaluated. High-performance liquid chromatography was run for comparison to validate the ELISA with fortified water samples, the correlation being 0.997 - 0.998 (n = 15) with a slope of 1.10 - 1.38. The ELISA turned out to be a convenient tool for monitoring imidacloprid residues in agricultural and environmental samples.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Food Science
- Chemistry (miscellaneous)